Al-Ahzab means the confederates. They were the polytheists and Jews of Madinah who partnered with the Quraish tribe to attack the Muslims of Madinah. They were great in number and had surrounded the Muslims of the city which led to the battle of Al-Khandaq, or the battle of the trench. The siege lasted about a month. The Muslims, who were greatly outnumbered, won the battle as the confederates left frustrated not able to achieve their target. This was a clear proof of Allah’s help towards the believers and the prophet-hood of Muhammad ﷺ.
- Ar-Raheequl-Makhtum (The Sealed Nectar), Safiur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri, Darussalam
- The Noble Qur’an, Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali and Muhammad Muhsin Khan, Darussalam