An ‘alim (عالم) is a knowledgeable person or a scholar. It means someone who has ‘ilm (علم) or knowledge. Usually the term ‘alim refers to a scholar in Islamic sciences. But the term can be used for anyone who is knowledgeable in a particular subject. References The Noble Qur’an, Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali and Muhammad Muhsin… read more »


‘Ajwah (العجوة) is type of dates which grows mainly in the region of al-Madinah. It has a special place in Islamic tradition, as it is from al-Jannah (Paradise). It has been narrated by the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to consume these dates as they improve the health. Consuming seven ‘ajwah dates in the morning protects the… read more »


Al-Ahzab means the confederates. They were the polytheists and Jews of Madinah who partnered with the Quraish tribe to attack the Muslims of Madinah. They were great in number and had surrounded the Muslims of the city which led to the battle of Al-Khandaq, or the battle of the trench. The siege lasted about a… read more »


Ahkam means legal status. Ahkam is the plural of the word Hukm, meaning judgement. There are five levels of ahkam in Islam – Wajib (الواجب) – obligatory, Makrooh (المكروه) – disliked but not forbidden, Mustahab (المستحب) – liked but not obligatory, Muharram (المحرم) – disallowed, and Halal (الحلال) – allowed. Acts are judged according to… read more »


Adhan is the call to prayer, made loudly to announce the time of prayer. The first adhan was made by Bilal RA, one of the closest companions of the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. The adhan includes, in order, praises to Allah, the declaration of faith, calling people towards prayer, calling people towards success,… read more »


‘Aad was an ancient, prosperous tribe after the Prophet Nuh (Noah), peace be upon him, in northern Arabia. They were sent the Prophet Hud peace be upon him. They have been mentioned in 23 verses of the Qur’an to remind people of their condition and their ending. Because of their disobedience, Allah destroyed them overnight… read more »


‘Abd in Arabic means male slave. Generally it is used in names as slave of Allah – Abdullah, or with one of the names or attributes of Allah like Abdurrahman, meaning the salve of the Most Beneficent. It also means a male slave who was captured in a just war. References The Noble Qur’an, Muhammad… read more »


Taqwa means being concious of Allah, being aware of Him, leaving sins due to His fear and turning towards obedience to Him due to hope from Him. Abu Huraira R.A. explained God-fearing mindfulness to man as being similar to the mindfulness of the one who walks on a thorny path, avoiding and dodging the thorns… read more »


Saum means ‘fasting’. Saum is one of the five pillars of Islam and obligatory for Muslims in the month of Ramadan. Outside of Ramadan, voluntary or nawafil fasts can be observed on any day of the year except for some prohibited days. Saum starts at the time of dawn and is broken at sunset. While… read more »