Hajj is the fifth pillar of the Islamic faith. It is the annual pilgrimage undertaken by Muslims to Makkah, currently in Saudi Arabia. It is an obligation on every able Muslim to perform hajj at least once in their life. The conditions for performing Hajj are to be a free Muslim adult of sound judgement, and be able to afford the journey and also support their dependants at home for the duration. Their are many rituals to be performed during Hajj, much of which go back to the Prophet Ibrahim, father of Ishmail and Ishaq, peace be upon them.
Hajj is performed in the first ten day of the last month of the Hijri year, and ends with the festival of sacrifice, ‘Eid-al-Adha.


  1. The Noble Qur’an, Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali and Muhammad Muhsin Khan, Darussalam
  2. Pilgrimage to Mecca